La Geria is the result of the volcanic eruptions between 1730 and 1736. Until then, these lands had been very fertile, however the blanket of volcanic ash which covered the land, made them apparently, unusable. But the local people soon realised how to take advantage of this perculiar situation. Volcanic ash acts as a thermo regulator as well as having the capacity to maintain the humidity of the land. This is why they started to plant the Malvasia grape in Lanzarote, a grape which is perfectly adapted to the climatic conditions of the island and which has recieved recognition both nationally and internationally. Other types of grapes planted on the island with good results are : La Moscatel, White and black Listán, Diego, White Burra and Black Moll.
The wines of Lanzarote have been awarded prestigious prizes nationally such as Premio Vino Moscatel Gran Solera Especial 1975 and a gold medal in the Vinalies-Paris Competition 1999. There are a wide variety of wines on the island, among the whites are : Malvasia dry, Malvasia sweet, Malvasia Medium and a sweet Moscatel Liquor; among the red wines are : a tradiitional red, young wine, red wine from the barrel and a red wine treated with carbon for a quicker fermentation.
The grape harvest starts at the beginning of July in Lanzarote, which makes it one of the earliest in Spain. Nowadays, there are many vines which are over 90 years old and the majority of the new ones are Pie Franco. For the wine growers of Lanzarote, this is an important time, also known as the Grape picking festival.
The bodegas or wineries are situated very close to each other, each one with its own character. The majority can be found in La Geria which means you can stop in each one and sample the different wines. Some of the wineries have a museum where you can see traditional methods of wine production.
Anyone who visits the different wineries, has the possibility to sample the wines. It is important to start with dry wines, then continue with the younger white wines, continue with the roses and red wines before ending with the sweet wines,medium wines and liquors. For wine tasting, it is essential to have a good sense of taste. During the visit, you should first observe the colour of the wine; then smell the wine and finally taste it after moving the glass anti clockwise. As for the tasting, the papillas play an important role. Rinse the mouth with the wine and judge it as it enters, while it is in the mouth and while it leaves the mouth which is a decisive moment in the process.
The first rote which is recommende by the wineries in Lanzarote, starts at the Monumento al Campasino. The first stop is at Bodega Mozaga, where they use grapes grown in volcanic ash. The next stop is Bodega Tinache, which has 20 hectares of vines, predomnantly,Malvasia and Moscatel. The next stop is the Bodega El Patio, a winery which guarantees the authenticity of its wine because of the traditional methods used. It can only be bought in the museum. The next stop is Bodega Vega de Yuco, situated on a small hill and which produces a special wine with its own character. The next stop is a relatively new winery, Bodega Vegueta, which uses traditional methods of production. The next stop is Bodega Reymar where they use the moscatel grape. The last stop is at Bodegas Finca Las Quemadas in La Vegueta. Wine Route 1.
The second route starts at Bodega El Campasino which belongs to the Barreto family and who have been producing wine for over a century. It is one of the most important wineries on the island. The next stop is at the oldest winery in the Canary Islands, Bodegas El Grifo which has an incredible museum about wine growing. Bodegas La Geria is one of the oldest wineries on the island and is located in the main wine growing area. The next winery, Bodegas Timanfaya, is surrounded by volcanic ash and specialises in wine from the barrel. The next stop is at Bodega Castillo de Guanapay in La Asomada which uses some of the most modern techniques in wine-making. The last stop is at Bodegas Rubicón on the road to La Geria which was founded by Juan de Bethancourt at the beginning of the XV century. Wine Route 2.
La Geria is situated in the north of the municipality of San Bartolomé and has large vineyards and some of the most important wineries on the island. One of them is Bodegas Bermejo, which is situated next to a stately home. This wine achieves its transparency and balance through the method they use in production where they freeze the grape before it is pressed.
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